Pan-Africanism literally means 'all Africanism'.
It is a sociopolitical world-view, as well as a movement, which seeks to unify and uplift both native Africans and those of the African diaspora, as part of a "global African community".
However, on the scope and meaning of Pan-Africanism, including such matters as leadership, political orientation, and national as opposed to regional interests, they are widely, often bitterly, divided. One catalyst for the rapid and widespread development of Pan-Africanism was the colonization of the continent by European powers in the late 19th cent.
The First Pan-African Congress, convened in London in 1900, was followed by others in Paris (1919), London and Brussels (1921), London and Lisbon (1923), and New York City (1927). These congresses, organized chiefly by W. E. B. Du Bois and attended by the North American and West Indian black intelligentsia, did not propose immediate African independence; they favored gradual self-government and interracialism. I
n 1944, several African organizations in London joined to form the Pan-African Federation, which for the first time demanded African autonomy and independence. The Federation convened (1945) in Manchester the Sixth Pan-African Congress, which included such future political figures as Jomo Kenyatta from Kenya, Kwame Nkrumah from the Gold Coast, S. L. Akintola from Nigeria, Wallace Johnson from Sierra Leone, and Ralph Armattoe from Togo.
While at the Manchester congress, Nkrumah founded the West African National Secretariat to promote a so-called United States of Africa. Pan-Africanism as an intergovernmental movement was launched in 1958 with the First Conference of Independent African States in Accra, Ghana. Ghana and Liberia were the only sub-Saharan countries represented; the remainder were Arab and Muslim.
Thereafter, as independence was achieved by more African states, other interpretations of Pan-Africanism emerged, including: the Union of African States (1960), the African States of the Casablanca Charter (1961), the African and Malagasy Union (1961), the Organization of Inter-African and Malagasy States (1962), and the African-Malagasy-Mauritius Common Organization (1964). In 1963 the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded to promote unity and cooperation among all African states and to bring an end to colonialism; it had 53 members by 1995.
The OAU struggled with border disputes, aggression or subversion against one member by another, separatist movements, and the collapse of order in member states. One of its longest commitments and greatest victories was the end of apartheid and the establishment of majority rule in South Africa.
Efforts to promote even greater African economic, social, and political integration led to the establishment in 2001 of the African Union (AU), a successor organization to the OAU modeled on the European Union. The AU fully superseded the OAU in 2002, after a transitional period.
Pan-Africanism is simply another term for "fascism" or ethnic Nationalism. Its ideas did not even began in Africa it began in the West Indies.
So in many ways this black leftist interpretation of Africa, is foreignto many Africans.
In many ways the policies of Pan-Africanism are being forced onto Africans, who only seek justice, and a means to raise there family!
Poor Africans know the difference between a past of oppresion and present day oppression and scratch there heads, as black elites make ridiculous statements to them about the evils of America.
Most of these Africans experience crimes daily, and by there own African leaders.
Many Africans come to the USA and love this nation.African American look dumb as they try to understand why black Africans love America.
They love this nation, because they know that its a compassonate nation.
Its a nation of order, checks and balances, and hope.
They do not always agree with American policies on Africa, many would prefer a more "hawkish" policy.
Western leaders and companies are not the major problems in Africa.If anything it may be its only solution.
America gives millions to Africa, if not billions.
Yet this money keeps going into the coffers of Africas dicators.
Dictators that many of the "Pan African" intellectuals actually assist and work with knowing full well the affects.
It must feel good for a black, intellectuals from the USA to get to meet a real African King!
Even though this king may be a rapist, psycho path, who got intopower through a coup, and then became dictator.
This is why such icons as Louis Farakhan always praised, thugs like Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qaddafi and Robert Mugabe in public.
Farakhan some years ago on C-SPAN praised Mugabe for expelling the whites from black land.
He had an entire press Corp at his feet, as he attacked American foreign policy in Libya, and Zimbawe.
He then attacked the media for tellin the truth about attrocities under Mugabe.
Now that Mugabe is attacking the poor, black and uneducated, with a fascist operation called Murambatsvina (or "Drive Out Trash"), a police campaign to demolish houses and businesses owners from there land Farakhan and the Pan African crowd remain quiet.
You would think that such concerned people who cared about the poor and black would say something.
This is also why when Sudan was accused of slavery, and war crimes, the black left in America was silent.
They had to be shamed by the white Christian Evangelicals to began to make some noise.
Instead of learning from the errors of colonialist and Arab Nationalist, Pan Africiansm seeks to spread a peculiar form of black facsim around the world.
Black leftist think tanks is DC who are constantly accusing America and the west of not giving more money, show what hypocrites they areby even taking money from the "white men".
Even more funny is there rationalization of this by claiming "reparations".
Will they ask for reparations from the Sudanese government, and other black fascist governments in Africa, who stole money from its poor?
Is that not what speaking truth to power means, even if that power is black?
The start of ideas for the rapid and widespread development of Pan-Africanism was the colonization of the continent by European powers in the late 19th century.
The problem is that Africa today is not run by "European powers " most of Africa is run by blacks.
So the initial struggles of Pan Africanism have been implemented...Africa is in some sense black owned.
The problem with Pan-Africanist belief's is its failure to recognize thatpower corrupts greatly with out democratic checks and balances.
Accusing "whites" for problems that are innate to all governments, and rulers since the beginning of time is foolish, and even dangerous.
Dangerous because it takes attention from the true instigators ofAfrica's failures.
That is there rulers and government officials, including ambassadors.
When I hear or see Ambassadors from Africa coming to the USA, the first thing I ask is where are the protests?
Where are Jessie Jackson, Al Sharpton and the Congressional Black Caucus?
Where are the huge protest, put together by ANSWER INTERNATIONAL or Code Pink?
As much as I dislike the behavior and stupidity of ACT UP, at least they are consistent.
At least the British branch of ACT UP met Mugabe as he came of the plane.
Why do black elite dine and eat with representatives of dictaors?
Why do they refuse to condemn these men, as they have condemned "Bush's war?
The truth is Pan Africanism is an impractical ideology.
It only remains in of interest to thos who seek a better blacker world order.
These ideas are no different than white racist who spend hours developing plans of a white reunion.
The world is now global, and has global market there are 1 billon Chinese and 1 billian Indians.
America has 300 million people already.
Africa must join and not exclude itself from the world.
With the expansion of the internet, cell phones, and travel,and smart independent minds, Pan Africanism eventualy will a lost cause.
If Africa accpets democracy and freedom and rejects a racist isolationialist viewof the world the world will in turn accpet this Africa.
But as long as thugs run the continent Africa is doomed. In such a world the ideas of "Pan Africanism" is by all means philosophical but by no means practical.
(This article was taken from Hip-Hop Republican)